20 Stunning & Fantastic Diamond Facts

Diamonds are one of the most expensive natural materials. They are also the toughest natural material ever found. Diamond is a solid form of carbon. These gemstones are usually mined. Most of them are billions of years old. It is considered a precious and luxurious material from ancient times. Diamonds are immune to imperative as very few natural matters can contaminate them materially. There are several types of these super gemstones.

Diamond is an unimaginably ancient carbon crystal. It is one of two common carbon allotropes of pure carbon. Most are found 100 miles deep down the surface. It takes extreme temperature, immense pressure, and 1-3 billion years to form the substance. Diamond is a high-density material, about 3150 to 3530 kilograms per cubic meter. Cubic is the most common crystal structure of diamond. Atoms of nitrogen, boron, and hydrogen cause many colorations on the gemstone. Diamonds may be purple, black, red, and blue. Most natural gems are transparent in color. The unit of diamond measurement is the carat. The price depends on cuts and measurements of the crystal. The round brilliant cut is the most common cut of commercial gems. Most diamonds are examined by eye with a magnifying glass even today.

Diamond is one of the most desirable substances in the world. The coloration and the light reflection of these magnificent stones fascinate us. Diamond is used in jewelry and many other luxury goods making. The crown of the British monarchy features 2,868 of them. There is a huge cultural significance of diamonds. Many wars are fought to own the majestic stone. These are some most amazing diamond facts:

Worlds oldest known diamonds are found in Australia. Old as the planet itself was found from the Jack Hills region. These diamonds are approximately 4 billion years old.

The oldest record of diamond uses is dated from 320-296 BCE. In the first century AD, the Roman naturalist Pliny is quoted as having said, “Diamond is the most valuable, not only of precious stones but of all things in this world.”

The Cullinan is the largest found diamond crystal ever found. The 3,106-carat diamond was found at the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa. The Cullinan Diamond is a colorless diamond.

Diamonds are usually colorless. Colored diamonds are called fancy diamonds. Yellow and brown colored fancy diamonds are common. They are found only once in every 10,000 carats. Red, green, purple is the most exclusive colors. They occur once in 25,000 carats.

The Pink Star is the most expensive diamond ever sold. On 3 April 2017, the rare gemstone was sold for US$71.2 million in Hong Kong. The Pink Star is the largest Vivid Pink diamond ever found. It took 20 months to cut the Mixed Oval Brilliant shape of the diamond.

The Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom is the largest private collection of diamonds. There are 2800 diamonds in the collection.

BPM 37093 is a variable white dwarf star. The core of the star is made with diamonds that can worth many trillions of dollars. Therefore it's called the cosmic diamond and named Lucky.

Professor of chemistry at the University of St Andrews Wuzong Zhou suggested that 1.5 million diamond nanoparticles can be found in a candle’s flame.

Korloff Noir is the largest black diamond ever found. Before it was cut and polished, it had 421 carats.

Spirit of de Grisogono Diamond is the largest cut black diamond. The diamond weighs 312.24 carats.

Archduke Maxmillian of Austria is the first known person to gift a diamond engagement ring to his bride Mary of Burgundy. The diamond engagement took place in 1477.

Russia is the leading country of diamond mining and production. Russian mines produced approximately 19 million carats of diamonds last year(2019).

There are 10 popular diamond shapes. These shapes are the Round, Princess, Cushion, Oval, Emerald, Pear, Marquise, Asscher, Radiant, and Heart Uncut diamonds from mines are cut into these shapes. The diamond losses up to 50% of its weight in the cutting process.

The Jwaneng diamond mine in Botswana is the deepest in the world. It is also the most valued diamond mine by the value of recovered diamonds.

The Graff Diamonds Hallucination is the most expensive diamond diamond-decked watch ever. The watch is priced at $55 million. The watch is crafted with 110 carats of colored diamonds, including pink, blue, green, orange, and yellow.

80% of the total mined diamonds are used industrially. All these diamonds are called industrial diamonds.

The Royal Coster Diamonds is the oldest sustaining diamond seller in the world. The legendary diamond polisher was founded in 1840. The Royal Coster Diamonds re-polished the Koh I Noor, mounted in the Crown of Queen Mary.

The Hope diamond is thought to be a curse. The diamond gained is notoriety as several owners of The Hope diamond suffered many unfortunate events.

Osman Ali Khan used a 184.5-carat diamond as a paperweight. Osman Ali Khan was the last Nizam of the Princely State of Hyderabad. The diamond he used as a paperweight is called the Jacob Diamond. He found the diamond from a toe of a shoe of his father, Mahboob Ali Khan.

Diamonds are gorgeous, expensive, and immensely beautiful. The history of diamond used dates back to 6,000 years. Diamonds are magnificent natural materials. These are all we have on diamonds for now. Thanks for reading.