28 Most Amazing Facts About Mountains

The mountains are majestic. Mountains are vast landforms that are higher than surrounding land. Hiking in the mountains is a passion for many. Mountains are ancient. Most mountains are millions of years old. Mountains form by many natural forces like volcano eruption or earthquake. Because of high elevations, most mountains have cold weather at the summit. The peak of a mountain is called the summit. There are mountains under the ocean and seas. Many islands are the peak of mountains coming out of the water. There are different types of mountains. Fold mountains are the most common type of mountains. For most of the geological experts, a landform of 1000 meters altitude is a mountain. Some of the most known mountains on the planet are Mount Everest, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Fuji, Kangchenjunga.

There are many mountains all over the world. Mountains have different weather and atmosphere. Most mountains are isolated. Mountains are only used for the extraction of natural resources. Most mountains are formed with the collisions of tectonic plates. Mountains are made with Earth's crust. Around one-fifth of the Earth's landscape is mountains. Mountains also create trails and falls. Most of the earth's freshwater originates from mountains. The vertical dimension of the mountains creates a very different climate than other places. Many mountains are covered with greenery. Some have a rocky surface. Mountains have a significant effect on rainfall in the region.

Mountains are beautiful landscapes. They catch our hearts with their immense beauty. The vastness and elegance of mountains have encouraged humans to summit them. Seven humongous mountains in seven continents are called seven summits together. Mountains covered with clouds in the peak look like they are touching the sky. Many stories and poems are written over the mountains. Many idioms and metaphors are based on mountains. Mountains are home to many animal species. Humans are dependable on mountains for thousands of years for timber and other resources.

Some interesting mountain facts:

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Its elevation is 8,848.86 meters. The mighty mountain is standing high in Nepal.

Mauna Loa is the largest mountain by volume. With a maximum width of 120 km, the volcanic mountain covers a land area of 5,271 square km. It is on Hawaii Island.

The mid-ocean ridge is known as the longest mountain range in the world. The mountain range covers a whopping 40,389 miles around the globe. 90% of the range is under the ocean.

Most mountain ranges around the world are around 100-200 million years old.

The Urals are the oldest mountain range. The resource-rich mountain rage formed around 250 to 300 million years ago.

There are five main types of mountains: volcanic, fold, plateau, fault-block, and dome.

The highest mountains of each seven continents are known as the Seven Summits. Richard Daniel "Dick" Bass was the first man to climb all the tallest mountain on each continent.

Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay summited Mount Everest for the first time. They climbed the highest peak in the world on 29 May 1953.

Aconcagua is the second highest peak in the seven summits. Matthias Zurbriggen first summited Aconcagua on 14 January 1897.

Denali is the third highest peak in the seven summits. Climbers Hudson Stuck, Harry Karstens, Walter Harper, and Robert Tatum first summited Denali on June 7, 1913.

Mount Kilimanjaro is the fourth highest peak in the seven summits. Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller first summited Kilimanjaro in 1889.

Mount Elbrus is the fifth highest peak in the seven summits. A British expedition led by F. Crauford Grove and including Frederick Gardner, Horace Walker, and the Swiss guide Peter Knubel first summited Mount Elbrus.

Mount Vinson is the sixth highest peak in the seven summits. Mount Vinson was first summited in 1966 by an American team led by Nicholas Clinch.

Puncak Jaya is seventh highest in the seven summits. Heinrich Harrer, Philip Temple, Russell Kippax, Albertus (Bert) Huizenga first summited the Puncak Jaya in 1962.

Ojos del Salado in Argentina and Chile is the highest volcanic mountain. The volcanic mountain is 6,893 meters tall.

Rainbow Mountains of China is a colorful mountain range. There is another Rainbow mountain range in Peru.

There are mountains named the Black mountain in England, Wales, USA, Bhutan, and Pakistan.

The Appalachian Mountains of North America has over 158 different species of trees.

About 200 million people all over the world live in mountain ranges.

More than half of humanity depends on mountains for water.

Bighorn Sheep, a Mammal is only found in the mountain ranges of North America.

Chinchilla is a small rodent only seen on the Andes mountain range.

Very few species can live on mountains; the climate on a mountain is typically cold and windy, and because the air pressure is lower at high altitudes, there is less oxygen available.

A mountain has three main zones: the montane zone, the subalpine zone, and the alpine zone. Each has its own animal and plant species.

In Hindu culture the Himalayas are thought to be the living place of the god Shiva.

In Japanese culture volcano of Mount Fuji is also held to be sacred with tens of thousands of Japanese ascending it each year.

Mount Olympus is considered sacred and the holy place of Gods in Greece.

Over 5 million people all over the world go Mountaineering every year.

Montology is the all-encompassing study of mountains, whether from science, humanities, or arts in a cross-cutting, integrative approach among disciplines dealing with socio-ecological mountainscapes.

Mountains are magnificent wonders of nature. The world has many mountains of many different types, shapes, and colors. All the mountains create our planet more and more beautiful. Next time you go to see a majestic mountain try to remember some of the facts from here.